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Nacionalni park Sequoia

Nacionalni park Sequoia


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Nacionalni park Sequoia, ki leži ob narodnem parku Kings Canyon, je bil prvi v Kaliforniji in je drugi najstarejši ameriški narodni park. Park s površino 402.510 hektarjev v južnocentralnem delu verige Sierra Nevada je bil ustanovljen septembra 1890. Najvišji vrhovi teh gora so v vzhodnem delu parka. Park, ki ga pogosto imenujejo "Kalifornijska najbolje varovana skrivnost", obiskovalcem ponuja lepoto in neskončne zanimivosti. Pred prihodom belega človeka so bile prve skupine, ki so naselile obronke parka, monahi, čeprav jih je večina umrla zaradi epidemije leta 1862. Hale Tharp naj bi bil prvi belec, ki je obiskal velikanska drevesa. Številni ljudje so si prizadevali ohraniti velika drevesa; najpomembnejša med njimi sta bila slavni naravoslovec John Muir in George W. Stewart, ki ga pogosto imenujejo "oče nacionalnega parka Sequoia". Skupaj s člani Kalifornijske akademije znanosti sta Muir in Stewart v kongresu leta 1881 vložila predlog zakona, da bi območje rešili kot park. Konec koncev so se ta prizadevanja obrestovala, ko je predsednik Benjamin Harrison leta 1890 podpisal zakon, ki je Sequoio postavil za prvi nacionalni park v Kaliforniji. Med poudarki parka so orjaški gozd, muzej velikanskih gozdov, drevo generala Shermana, skala Moro, polmesec, Tharpova hiša iz hlodov - najstarejša pionirska kabina, ki je ostala v parku; Tunnel Log - padla velikanska sekvoja s tunelom za promet; in Kristalna jama. Velikanski gozd, ki slovi po čudovitih travnikih, je najbolj priljubljena atrakcija parka. V tem nasadu najdemo štiri od petih največjih zemeljskih dreves na Zemlji. Drevesa je poimenoval Muir, raziskovalec in naravovarstvenik. Gozd goji generala Shermana, ki naj bi bil star okoli 2100 let. Njegova višina je 274,9 čevljev, premer največje veje pa 6,8 čevljev. Preplezajte 400 stopnic, da pridete do vrha Moro Rock, velike granitne kupole, ki ponuja spektakularen razgled na Veliko zahodno razdelitev in njene robustne kanjone. na izložbah Muzej velikanskih gozdov vse leto privabi na tisoče obiskovalcev. Polmesec Meadow, imenovan "dragulj Sierre", je priljubljeno mesto za piknike. Poleg tega je v parku Kristalna jama, okrašena z zavesami iz ledeniških kapnikov in gomilami stalagmitov. Nekaj ​​lož s takšnimi nočmi in dlje -krajše nastanitve, kot sta Wuksachi Village and Lodge, ki ponuja tudi restavracijo s polno ponudbo, salon s koktajli, trgovino na drobno in skupinske/posebne prireditve. Park ponuja možnosti za rekreacijske dejavnosti, kot so pohodništvo, smučanje, krpljanje, jahanje, ribolov , in jamske ture. Poleg tega vsebuje naravoslovne programe rangerja, sprehode v naravo, centre za obiskovalce in interpretativne muzejske eksponate za zabavo ljudi vseh starosti.


Nacionalni parki Sequoia in Kings Canyon

The Nacionalni parki Sequoia in Kings Canyon je konsolidirana struktura upravljanja za narodni park Sequoia in narodni park Kings Canyon v Kaliforniji. Parka skupaj upravljata od leta 1943. Skupna velikost je 1.353 kvadratnih milj (3.500 km 2). [1] Biosferni rezervat UNESCO Sequoia-Kings Canyon je bil imenovan leta 1976. [2]

Odprto je 24 ur na dan, vse dni v letu. [3] Parki predstavljajo široko paleto živali, ki vključujejo več kot 200 vrst ptic, družabnega vitkega daždevca, zahodnega krastača, zahodnega krastača, mavrično postrv, kojota, rožmarina, mehiškega netopirja, gumijasto udavko, navadno kraljo in Veliko več. [4]


Nacionalni park Sequoia - zgodovina


Flora v narodnem parku Sequoia in Kings Canyon. Fotografija iz vljudnosti Nacionalnega parka.

Povezane strani

Statistika obiskovalcev Nacionalni park Sequoia in Kings Canyon

Nacionalni park Sequoia
1.246.053 obiskovalcev
#67 Najbolj obiskana enota nacionalnega parka

Narodni park Kings Canyon

632 110 obiskovalcev
#107 Najbolj obiskana enota nacionalnega parka

Vir: Uvrstitev NPS 2019 med 378 servisnih enot nacionalnega parka.

Velikost parka

Nacionalni park Sequoia
403.879 hektarjev (zvezno) 404.051 hektarjev (skupaj)

Narodni park Kings Canyon
461.846 hektarjev (zvezno) 461.901 hektarjev (skupaj)

Parkirnina

Vstopnine za narodni park Sequoia in Kings Canyon
7 -dnevna vozovnica - 30 USD na vozilo, 15 USD na osebo, 25 USD na motorno kolo

Pristojbina za kristalno jamo (družinsko potovanje)
Odrasli - 16 USD
Otroci od 5 do 12 let - 8,00 USD
Manj kot 5 - 5 USD
Opomba: Dodatne pristojbine za daljše izlete.

Vstopnina vključuje narodne parke Sequoia in Kings Canyon ter odsek velikanskega nacionalnega spomenika Sequoia v narodnem gozdu Sequoia

Pristojbine se lahko spremenijo brez predhodnega obvestila.

Vreme

Podnebje v teh parkih se razlikuje od kraja do kraja zaradi spremembe višine od 1500 čevljev (vznožje) nad morsko gladino do 14 494 čevljev.

Na primer: Povprečna najvišja in najnižja raven januarja v vznožju je 57/36 stopinj. Na srednji višini (4-7.000 čevljev) so januarske temperature v povprečju 42/24 stopinj.

Julija je povprečje visokih/nizkih obronkov 97/68 stopinj, medtem ko so temperature na srednji nadmorski višini 76/51 stopinj.

Preverite vremensko napoved in bodite pripravljeni na razlike v temperaturah in pogojih.

Fotografija zgoraj: Ena velikanska sekvoja v narodnem parku Sequoia. Fotografija iz vljudnosti Nacionalnega parka.

Nacionalni park Sequoia in Kings Canyon

Veliko ljudi, ko pomisli na dopust v Kalifornijo, pomisli na jug, na Hollywood, na plaže od Malibuja do San Diega in celo ko pomisli na zgodovino, pa naj bo to Zlata mrzlica ali narava in narodnih parkov, menijo Yosemite, toda za počitnice, ki združujejo zgodovino naših naravnih čudes, naravo in Kalifornijo, obstaja nekaj parkov v osrednji in severni Kaliforniji, ki si zaslužijo, da so na vašem načrtu poti, od katerih morata biti dva z ogromno velikanskih dreves, severnokalifornijsko območje nacionalnega parka Redwoods, plus pobratena nacionalna parka v osrednji Kaliforniji, Sequoia in Kings Canyon, nedaleč od pragov Yosemita.

Sponzorirajte to stran za 100 USD na leto. Vaš pas ali besedilni oglas lahko zapolni zgornji prostor.
Kliknite tukaj k sponzorju stran in kako rezervirati oglas.


Sequoia in Kings Canyon Potem

Medtem ko mnogi povezujejo velikanske sekvoje v Kaliforniji s parkom na severu zaradi svojega imena, nedaleč od južnega praga Yosemita sedijo Sequoia in Narodni park Kings Canyon. Sequoia je ime, ki izvira iz imena Cherokee za veliko drevo ali sekvojo, sikwoya. In tukaj je šok, Narodni park Sequoia je drugi najstarejši narodni park v državi, takoj za Yellowstonom. In z dodatkom zemljišč narodnih parkov od njegove ustanovitve 25. septembra 1890 ter sosednjega narodnega parka Kings Canyon je zdaj več kot 850.000 hektarjev južne Sierre Nevade, njenega vznožja in tistih velikih orjaških dreves, ki jih je mogoče raziskati peš, o novem sistemu Shuttle, v koči ali kampu.

Takrat se res pogovarjamo - narava narodnega parka Sequoia je že tako dolgo prisotna, da bi videli vse večje dogodke na severnoameriški celini od pr. Rastni obroči nekaterih dreves tukaj kažejo, da je starost enega drevesa lahko več kot 3000 let.

Zgodovina v parku - Tudi v parkih je veliko zgodovine, a zdi se, da jih zasenčijo naravna čudesa in lepota vsega tega. V narodnih parkih Sequoia in Kings Canyon so živela indijanska plemena zahodni Mono (Monache), Tabatulabal in Yokuts. Ko je raziskovalna starost v poznih 1700 -ih dosegla južno Sierro, ni minilo dolgo, preden je bilo območje polno rudarjev, lovilcev in sekačev, ki so iskali svojo bogastvo. Ko so leta 1890 območje spremenili v narodni park Sequoia, se zgodovina ni ustavila. Nadaljevalo se je s konjeniškimi četami obarvanih vojakov, ki so iz Presidija korakali, da so varovali območje parka. Dokončali so tudi prvo cesto do velikanskega gozda.

Danes je v mejah narodnih parkov Sequoia in Kings Canyon več kot 250 arheoloških najdišč Indijancev in 69 zgodovinskih znamenitosti.

Fotografija zgoraj: Prvi avtomobil, ki je leta 1910 vstopil v narodni park Sequoia. Prisrčna knjižnica kongresa. Spodaj: Ja, v parku je medved. Vedno se pazite avtohtonih bitij. Vljudnostna služba narodnega parka.


Sequoia in Kings Canyon Now

Tu so različne dejavnosti in možnosti za oglede, mnoge zaradi spremembe višine, ki se giblje od 1300 do 14000 čevljev. Od vznožja do gozdov do vrhov gora, Sequioa in Kings Canyon ponujata osupljiv pogled na tako velike stvari, ki si jih včasih težko predstavljamo. Samo vprašajte generala Shermana in generala Granta. Mimogrede, to so drevesa.

Sequoia in Kings Canyon sta veselje oglednikov in zatočišče za avtodome. Tu lahko doživite tako različne izkušnje in spletna mesta, ne glede na to, ali imate radi velikanska drevesa, gore ali travnike.

Po parku so razpršeni centri za obiskovalce in naravo. Nekateri so odprti vse leto, drugi ne.

Centri za obiskovalce in muzeji

Center za obiskovalce ob vznožju (Sequoia) - Generalska avtocesta, eno miljo od južnega vhoda v park Sequioa. Tukaj se prodajajo vstopnice za ogled Crystal Cave.

Muzej orjaških gozdov (Sequioa) - Generalska avtocesta, šestnajst milj od južnega vhoda pri cesti 198. Razstave na velikanskem gozdu.

Naravni center Beetle Rock (Sequioa) - poletje. Nahaja se nasproti Muzeja velikanskih gozdov.

Center za obiskovalce Lodgepole (Sequoia) - Nahaja se 21 milj od južnega vhoda na avtocesti Generals. Vključuje film "Medvedi Sierre." Tu se prodajajo tudi vstopnice za Crystal Cave.

Postaja Mineral King Ranger (Sequoia) - Mineral King Road. Sezonsko.

Center za obiskovalce Kings Canyon (Kings Canyon) - vasica Grant Grove. Film in eksponati.

Center za obiskovalce Cedar Grove (Kings Canyon) - Nahaja se v Kings Canyonu. Sezonsko.

Road's End Wildeness Permit Station (Kings Canyon) - vzhodno od vasi Cedar Grove. Sezonsko.


Nacionalni parki Sequoia in Kings Canyon

Ptice plapolajo okoli 250 metrov visokega sekvoje, medtem ko medved in njeni mladiči hodijo po gozdnih tleh mimo ogromnega debla drevesa. Dobrodošli v narodnih parkih Sequoia in Kings Canyon. Sosednji parki, ki se nahajajo v kalifornijskih gorah Sierra Nevada, predstavljajo nekaj najvišjih dreves na svetu. Premer največjega tukaj, imenovanega drevo generala Shermana, je večji od košarkarskega igrišča!

Pojdi na veliko

Drevesa niso edine velike stvari v parkih, ki skupaj vključujejo 865.964 hektarjev zemlje. Obiskovalci območja si lahko ogledajo slap Tokopah, visok 1200 metrov. Mount Whitney se nahaja na vzhodni meji narodnega parka Sequoia. Dviga se skoraj 14 500 čevljev visoko in je eden najvišjih vrhov v Združenih državah.

Razgibano goro je težko meriti, razen če ste ovca iz Sierre Nevade. Te živali, ki lahko živijo na nadmorski višini 14.000 čevljev, imajo kopita, ki so zgrajena za plezanje po grobih površinah.

Medvedje potrebe

Črni medvedi in svizci živijo tudi v narodnih parkih Sequoia in Kings Canyon. Medvedi pogosto hodijo po gozdovih parkov in trgajo hlode s kremplji v iskanju slastnih mravelj za prehrano. In znano je, da so nagajivi svizci tukaj žvečili nahrbtnike, ki so jih pustili ležati, da bi prišli do zaloge hrane. Ti parki so polni velikih presenečenj, od svojih ogromnih dreves do njihovih zvijačnih glodalcev!


11 stvari, ki jih niste vedeli o narodnih parkih Sequoia in Kings Canyon

Od vznožja do ogromnih gozdov do čistih granitnih vrhov, ki se dvigajo nad bujnimi travniki in širokimi jezerskimi kotlinami, narodni parki Sequoia in Kings Canyon navdušujejo obiskovalce s svojo divjo lepoto.

Nacionalni park Sequoia je bil ustanovljen 25. septembra 1890, s čimer je postal drugi nacionalni park naše države. Petdeset let pozneje, 4. marca 1940, je kongres ustanovil narodni park Kings Canyon, ki meji na severno mejo Sekvoje. Od druge svetovne vojne so ti sosednji parki upravljani skupaj. Danes več kot 1,5 milijona ljudi vsako leto uživa v čudovitih znamenitostih teh parkov.

Ko praznujemo več kot 125 let zaščite te edinstvene kalifornijske pokrajine, se naučite več o teh dveh neverjetnih parkih.

1. Sekvoja je bil prvi park, ustvarjen za zaščito živega organizma. Najdena le v edinstvenem okolju zahodne Sierre, masivna drevesa sekvoje rastejo na nadmorski višini med 5000 in 8000 čevljev. Relativno blage zime na tej nadmorski višini, skupaj s tradicionalno zgodovino požara, so območje srednje Sierre naredile popoln habitat za sekvoje. Za zaščito velikanskih sekvoj pred sečnjo je bil leta 1890 ustanovljen narodni park Sequoia.

Obiskovalec spozna lepote in čudeže visokih dreves sekvoje na Kongresni poti. Fotografija Richarda Thompsona (www.sharetheexperience.com).

2. Pred kanjonom kraljev je bil narodni park General Grant. Teden dni po ustanovitvi Sequoie leta 1890 je bil ustanovljen narodni park General Grant za zaščito sekvoj v General Grant Grove. Leta 1940 sta kongres in predsednik Franklin D. Roosevelt ustvarila nov narodni park, imenovan Kings Canyon, ki je vključeval območje narodnega parka General Grant s spektakularnimi kanjoni in visoko državo Sierra na vzhodu. Ker korenine Kings Canyona segajo v narodni park General Grant, si del tretjega narodnega parka naše države deli z narodnim parkom Yosemite.

Zumwaltov travnik narodnega parka Kings Canyon ponuja čudovit razgled na visoke granitne stene, bujen travnik, impresiven talus in vijugavo reko Kings. Fotografija Ryan McGinley (www.sharetheexperience.org).

3. Požar in proaktivno gospodarjenje z gozdovi imata v parkih edinstveno vlogo. Znanost nas je naučila, kako pomembna je vloga ognja v ekosistemu na mestih, kot sta narodni parki Sequoia in Kings Canyon. Toplota iz požarov nizke intenzivnosti omogoča, da se sekvoji stožci odprejo in spustijo svoja semena v posteljo svežega pepela-semena v velikosti ovsenih kosmičev! Sequoia in Kings Canyon sta bila prva nacionalna parka zahodno od Mississippija, ki sta predpisano kurjenje uporabljala ne le za zaščito, ampak tudi za dolgoročno preživetje in pomlajevanje velikanskih sekvoj. Aktivno ravnanje z ognjem in gorivi se je tukaj začelo v šestdesetih letih prejšnjega stoletja in je praksa, ki se danes uporablja za zmanjšanje nevarnih obremenitev z gorivom in vzdrževanje zdravega gozda.

Gasilci še naprej uporabljajo predpisano kurjenje na istem mestu, kjer se je praksa začela pred več kot 50 leti. Na sliki je opeklina, ki jo je leta 2016 predpisal Goliath v Redwood Canyonu v narodnem parku Kings Canyon. Fotografija Michael Theune, služba nacionalnega parka.

4. Sekvoja je dom najvišje gore v spodnjih 48. Mount Whitney, visok 14.494 čevljev, leži na vzhodni meji narodnega parka Sequoia in narodnega gozda Inyo. Medtem ko je gora Whitney razgledna točka, ji gorski greben, imenovan Great Western Divide, zapira pogled s cest Sequoie na zahodni strani. Najboljše mesto za ogled gore Whitney, ne da bi se dolgo podali, je Medresorski center za obiskovalce na avtocesti 395.

Sončni zahodi nad goro Whitney so dali območje v zlati sijaj. Fotografija Rory Fagan (www.sharetheexperience.com).

5. Sekvoje so nekatera največja in najstarejša drevesa na svetu. Ta masivna drevesa lahko živijo več kot 3000 let zaradi kemikalije v lubju, imenovane tanin, ki ščiti pred gnilobo, dolgočasnimi žuželkami in celo ognjem. Ta veličastna drevesa lahko zrastejo kot 26-nadstropna stavba, v povprečju visoka med 180 in 250 čevljev. Najbolj znani prebivalec nacionalnega parka Sequoia - drevo general Sherman - se razteza skoraj 275 čevljev visoko in s premerom več kot 36 čevljev, zaradi česar je po velikosti največje drevo na svetu. Izvedite več o nekaterih drugih izjemnih drevesih, ki jih lahko vidite na javnih površinah.

Slavni prebivalec parkov, general Sherman Tree, stoji visok, pokrit s snežno odejo. Fotografija Aaron Chen (www.sharetheexperience.com).

6. Večina teh parkov je divjina. V zadnjih 125 letih je kongres razširil nacionalne parke Sequoia in Kings Canyon na 1.353 kvadratnih milj - od tega je več kot 95 odstotkov označenih in upravljanih kot divjina. Puščava parkov varuje območja od vznožja do visokogorja, ki so polna granitnih vrhov in ledeniških kanjonov, ki jih obiskovalci lahko raziščejo.

Obstaja veliko načinov, kako doživeti divjino parkov. Nekateri obiskovalci uživajo v družbenih vidikih bolj naseljene poti, drugi pa iščejo bolj samotno doživetje - takšno, kjer ne vidijo ali slišijo druge osebe več dni naenkrat. Fotografija Kearsarge Pinnacles avtorja Viveka Vijaykumarja (www.sharetheexperience.org).

7. Fotografije Susan Thew so razširile narodni park Sequoia. Avgusta 1923 je Susan Thew zapustila velikanski gozd v High Sierro, da bi se pridružila kampanji za spodbujanje širitve nacionalnega parka Sequoia. Thew je poletja fotografirala nekatere najbolj razgibane terene v ZDA. Njene fotografije so postale najbolj popoln vizualni zapis tega območja doslej in so bile sestavni del sprejetja zakona iz leta 1926 za povečanje nacionalnega parka Sequoia. Leta pozneje je pristop Thew's gazetteer navdihnil fotografsko kampanjo Ansela Adamsa za ustvarjanje narodnega parka Kings Canyon.

Fotografija, ki jo je posnela Susan Thew, vključena v predlog za ustanovitev nacionalnega parka Sequoia. Fotografija iz arhiva Nacionalnega parka.

8. Široko območje nadmorske višine parkov gosti različne ekosisteme in življenjske prostore divjih živali. Parki se raztezajo od 1300 čevljev v vznožju do 14 494 čevljev v visoki Sierri - neverjetno višinsko območje, ki ustvarja topografsko raznolikost, ki podpira več kot 1200 vrst žilnih rastlin in več kot 315 različnih vrst živali po višinskih območjih. Nekatere od teh osupljivih živali vključujejo sokole, črne medvede in celo zahodne in gorske modrice. Parki vsebujejo tudi nekaj najširših borovcev, od masivnega sladkornega bora do bora ponderosa ter visokogorskih lisičjih borovcev in borovcev.

Medvedji mladič se zvije okoli veje v borovcu. Fotografiral Gary Kunkel (www.sharetheexperience.com).

9. Parki imajo več kot 800 milj poti. S potmi, ki se vijejo ob znamenitih sekvojah, strmih pečinah, rečnih kanjonih in skalnatih gorskih prelazih, je pohod najboljši način za ogled raznolikih ekosistemov Sierre. Slavna pot John Muir, 221 milj dolga pot, ki se razteza od doline Yosemite do gore Whitney, potuje skozi Kings Canyon in v Sequoio. Glavna pohodniška sezona je od julija do septembra, ko je vreme sončno in suho. Oglejte si vodnik po parkih do nekaterih drugih fantastičnih poti in se odločite, kaj je za vas najboljše.

Fotografija narodnega parka Sequoia vzdolž ikonične poti John Muir Jeffa Samburja (www.sharetheexperience.org).

10. Drevesa niso edina naravna čudesa v parkih. Neverjetna geologija Sequoie in Kings Canyona je ustvarila čudeže, kot je Sequoia's Crystal Cave, marmorna jama, ki vsebuje pol miljsko pot. Tvorbe jame so krhke, zato je edini način, da si jo ogledate osebno, na vodenem ogledu. Če želite raziskati nadzemlje, se povzpnite na eno od ikoničnih granitnih kupol Sierre pri skali Moro Sequoia. Tukaj lahko obiskovalci uživajo v osupljivem razgledu na Veliko zahodno razdelitev, če so pripravljeni premagati 350 korakov.

Granitna kupola Moro Rock se dviga okoli parka in gledalcem, ki hodijo po korakih, ponuja neverjeten razgled. Fotografija Daniel Suh (www.sharetheexperience.com).

11. Alpinizem je v parkih priljubljena dejavnost. Norman Clyde je legenda med alpinistično skupnostjo, saj je prvi dosegel več kot 130 vrhov, od katerih jih je veliko v Sierri Nevadi. Sodobni plezalci lahko sledijo Clydejevi poti tako, da se podajo po neverjetnih poteh po Sequoiji in Kings Canyonu. Vzponi segajo od lahkih do izredno težkih, vključno s priljubljenimi angelskimi krili, obeliskom, Grand Sentinelom in Charlotte Domejem. Pred odhodom poiščite zaprtje za plezanje-del Sequoia's Moro Rock se letno zapre med plezanjem v času gnezdenja sokolov.

Alpinizem skozi Sierro vam lahko ponudi osupljive poglede, kot je na sliki tukaj s pogledom na jezero Bullfrog. Fotografija David Palefsky (www.sharetheexperience.com).

Tisti, ki so si osebno ogledali "naravno katedralo", lahko potrdijo, da slike res ne morejo potrditi čudes narodnih parkov Sequoia in Kings Canyon. To divjo lepoto morate doživeti sami - začnite načrtovati potovanje v Sequoio in Kings Canyon danes.


Sequoia / Kings Canyon: Zgodovina, sedanjost in prihodnost

Nacionalni parki Sequoia in Kings Canyon predstavljajo geološki in ekološki spektakel. Masivno dviganje Sierre je ta del zemeljske skorje nagnilo proti zahodu, gore pa se strmo strmo vzpenjajo proti vzhodu, medtem ko se proti zahodu rahlo nagibajo. Ledeniška dejavnost je izoblikovala to, kar vidimo danes, ki se nenehno spreminja, a hkrati neverjetno odporna čudežna dežela. Ti združeni parki so prepleteni s strmimi kanjoni in se ponašajo z več vrhovi z 12.000 nadmorskimi vrhovi, vključno z goro Whitney.

Ta nenavadna paleta topografij je dom številnih ekoloških skupnosti, podzemnega jamskega sistema in najbolj opaznih velikanskih sekvojskih gozdov na svetu. V bližini parkov je več centrov za obiskovalce, številne sezonske dejavnosti pa vodijo gozdarji, zato bodo imeli obiskovalci strokovno vodstvo. Dejavnosti se bodo razlikovale glede na sezono potovanja, vendar je regija spektakularna skozi vse leto.

Zgodovina nacionalnih parkov Sequoia in Kings Canyon

Domačini so južni Sierri prečkali vsaj sedem tisoč let, tako v regijah z višjimi vrhovi kot v zahodnem vznožju. Ta plemena lovcev in nabiralcev so bila predvsem domorodci Monahe, vendar si je deželo sezonsko delilo več kultur različnih jezikov in praks. Čez pot vzdolž Velike osrednje doline so Jokuti v glavnem romali in lovili, danes pa parki hranijo več kot 500 starodavnih ameriških zgodovinskih in arheoloških najdišč, ta zbirka pa se vsak dan povečuje, saj projektne raziskave odkrivajo več relikvij.

V poznih 1700-ih so se pojavili španski agenti, ki so raziskovali Sierro Nevado, in sredi 18. stoletja so prišli v iskanje preživetja lovilci krzna, rudarji, sekači in ovčarji. Ti konkurenčni interesi so uspeli obdržati večino sedanjega nacionalnega parka Kings Canyon in Sequoia dolgo potem, ko so skupnosti po dolini San Joaquin zahtevale ohranitev teh dežel. Nacionalni park Sequoia je bil ustanovljen leta 1890, vendar se je boj za King's Canyon šele začel.

John Muir je leta 1873 obiskal regijo Kings Canyon in Sequoia in imel svojo teorijo o tem, kako so doline in gore nastale - z masivnimi ledeniki - in se je izkazal za prav. Njegovo zanimanje za to področje je tisto, kar je navdihnilo aktiviste in morda celo Harolda Ickesa, da so se tako močno borili za ustvarjanje Kings Canyona. Ickes je najel fotografa Ansela Adamsa, da ujame lepote regije, kar je zagotovo imelo vlogo pri sprejemanju zakona leta 1940.

Nacionalni park Sequoia in narodni park Kings Canyon po sezonah

Del tega, kar naredi območje tako edinstveno, so izredno raznoliki letni časi, ki bodo zagotovo dejavnik vsakega obiska.

Pomlad - Od aprila do junija je v gozdovih Sequoia še vedno veliko snega. Reke in potoki hitro tečejo s hladno vodo in so lahko še posebej nevarni. Toplejše vreme prinaša obilo divjih cvetov v vznožje, Kristalna jama pa se ponovno odpre za sprehode. Rafting, kolesarjenje, pohodništvo in golf se pričnejo s prihodom pomladi.

Poletni čas - Od julija do sredine septembra se sneg konča in večina objektov je odprtih za poslovanje. Brezplačni programi rangerjev so zelo razširjeni, dejavnosti v parkih pa so skoraj neomejene. Spomladanske dejavnosti se razširijo na smučanje na vodi in druge dejavnosti, povezane z vodo, so v polnem teku.

padec -Sredi septembra do novembra se v nasadih ohladi in lahko pade rahel sneg. Dejavnosti so nekoliko zmanjšane, prav tako tudi ranger ture, vendar je pohodništvo priljubljena jesenska dejavnost in ribolov.

Zima - Dolge zime od novembra do aprila prinašajo veliko snega v nasade Sequoia, vendar je veliko zimskih aktivnosti na prostem. Zimskega poljščin je v vznožju v izobilju, pa tudi samote.

Priljubljene znamenitosti v narodnih parkih Sequoia in Kings Canyon

Oba parka imata vizualno osupljive znamenitosti in neverjetne pohodniške poti, ki vas ne bodo razočarale. Upoštevati je treba celo dva odseka narodnega parka Kings Canyon: General Grant Grove in Redwood Mountain Grove, kjer preživi največji naravni nasad preostalih velikanskih sekvoj na svetu. Nekatere najboljše zanimivosti v Sequoiji in Kings Canyonu vključujejo:

Drevo generala Shermana - Pot drevesa Sherman je enostaven pohod dolžine 8 milj, ki vodi do enega, če ne celo največjega drevesa na zemlji - neprimerljivega drevesa generala Shermana.

Tunelski dnevnik - Prerezali so posekano velikansko drevo sekvoje, zaradi česar je bila cesta neprehodna, strokovnjaki za park so se preprosto spremenili v predor, da bi ponovno odprli obvoznico.

Pot Tokopah Falls - Tik mimo mostu Marble Fork je lahek pohod do slapov Tokopah, kjer vas čakajo čudovite granitne pečine in mogočni slap kanjona Tokopah. Poletni ogled je najboljši.

Polmesečni travnik - Manjši travnik na območju Velikih gozdov Sequoia, ta kraj je najbolj obiskal John Muir, ki ga je poimenoval "Dragulj Sierre." Medtem ko ste na tem območju, se ustavite v Muzeju velikanskih gozdov.

Moro Rock -V središču parka med velikanskim gozdom in travnikom polmeseca se Moro Rock ponaša s 400-stopnišnim stopniščem, ki obiskovalcem omogoča, da pridejo do vrha za neverjetne razglede, ki zajemajo večino parka, vključno z Great Western Divideom z višine 6700 čevljev .

Nastanitev v narodnem parku Sequoia in Kings Canyon

Ne glede na to, ali iščete prenočišča v narodnem parku Sequoia ali prenočišču v narodnem parku Kings Canyon, obiskovalcem poleg kampiranja v zaledju ponujajo številne fantastične možnosti.

Vrhunska prenočišča v narodnem parku Sequoia vključujejo Wuksachi Lodge, ki se ponaša z restavracijo s polno storitvijo, salonom, trgovinami in je v samem središču dogajanja Sequoia. V prenočišču Premium Kings Canyon National Park lahko 365 dni na leto uživate v all-inclusive Montecito Lodge. Tisti, ki se želijo vrniti k naravi, bodo cenili robustnost lože John Muir, ki se pokloni naravoslovcu in avtorju, ki sta si v teh dveh parkih vneto prizadevala za zaščito. Kabine Grand Grove so le kratek sprehod od drevesa General Grant in ponujajo priročen dostop do parka.

Pridite in raziščite sezonska čudesa Kings Canyon in narodnega parka Sequoia. Zapeljite se po slikovitih poteh, se podajte na razgibane pohode in se odpravite na pot do Sierre Nevade ter doživite nekaj najboljših del narave.


Dnevno pohodništvo: Po narodnem parku Sequoia je veliko poti za pohodništvo. Na voljo je veliko dnevnih pohodov v različnih stopnjah težavnosti, ki vas bodo popeljali do podnožja velikanskih sekvoj in po sončnih travnikih.

Z dovoljenjem Barbare Jones

Zemljevidi poti se močno priporočajo za daljše ali neasfaltirane poti po celotnem parku. Na srečo Nacionalno zgodovinsko združenje Sequoia ponuja zemljevide potnih poti v vsakem od centrov za obiskovalce parka ali pa jih lahko vnaprej kupite na spletu in podprete drugo neprofitno organizacijo, medtem ko ste pri tem.

Jahanje konja: Jahanje je poleti na voljo javnosti v dveh hlevih za jahanje. Njihove cene in informacije najdete spodaj:

Cene: 40 USD za eno uro/70 USD za 2 urne vožnje. Za dodatne informacije in rezervacijo pokličite hlev, ki ga nameravate obiskati. Rezervacije se močno spodbujajo, saj je jahanje konjev po tem čudovitem parku zelo priljubljeno.

Staje Grant Grove, Narodni park Kings Canyon

Paketna postaja Cedar Grove, Narodni park Kings Canyon

Nahrbtnik: V parkih Sequoia in Kings Canyon je več kot 800.000 hektarjev divjine in več kot 800 milj vzdrževanih poti. Ti parki vam ponujajo neskončne možnosti za kampiranje, raziskovanje in ustvarjanje novih spominov s svojimi najdražjimi.

Preden se odpravite na nahrbtnik ali kampirate, si oglejte ta načrtovalnik potovanj v divjini.

Gora Whitney: Mislite, da se lahko povzpnete na goro Whitney? To ni majhna naloga, najvišja gora v spodnjih 48 ni primerna za nepripravljene.

Mt. Whitney je 4421 m (14 505 ft). Due to its impressive height, ice axes and crampons are usually needed in the spring and early summer.

When you visit Mt. Whitney, be sure to take with you enough supplies and the proper attire for your planned activities.

A permit is required for all overnight stays in Sequoia National Park, and for day use in the Mt. Whitney Zone. You can find more information about these recreational permits here.


When Two Parks Meet: The History of the Generals Highway

A view of the switchbacks from Amphitheater Point, Generals Highway, Sequoia National Park. Photo was taken by Frank Been on
April 14, 1933.

Courtesy of Sequoia National Park Archives

The main priority for the military administration at Sequoia National Park in the late 19th century was creating access trails and roads to the Big Trees. Under the command of Charles Young, the Buffalo Soldiers constructed the highways in the park. By the early 20th century, the park began to look at the condition of these roadways and the impact the park had on tourism. In addition to fixing and constructing better thoroughfares, a new idea to increase visitation influenced the future of park highways.

The Colony Mill Road first opened Sequoia National Park to the public in 1903. Started by the Kaweah Colony, this wagon road wound up the North Fork of the Kaweah River, ending at Colony Mill near Giant Forest. By the late 19th century, this and other park roads were messy, uncomfortable, and all-around treacherous.

In 1905, Sequoia National Park began to work on constructing better roads. An agreement with the Mount Whitney Power Company gave the electrical company the right to develop hydroelectric power. In return, they would build a wagon road - called the Middle Fork Road. By 1913, roads extended to Potwisha Camp, Hospital Rock, Buckeye Flat, Moro Creek Corrals, and between Giant Forest and Wolverton Creek (1). With an increase of improved roads and the advent of the automobile, park visitation improved.

Generals Highway near Giant Forest, Sequoia National Park. Photo taken by Lindley Eddy.

Courtesy of Sequoia National Park Archives

The 1920s ushered in a new era filled with greater opportunities and a desire for travel through the introduction of the automobile. Concerns for how road conditions influenced visitation prompted the park to upgrade their highways. Between 1921 and 1926, Tulare County rebuilt the freeway to the park and the National Park Service added onto the Middle Fork and Giant Forest roads. A one-way system of travel up to Giant Forest along the Colony Mill Road created a faster and safer visitor experience (2). As automobile roads in Sequoia improved, the National Park Service was embracing the idea of a nationwide park-to-park highway.

The purpose of the park-to-park road was to increase tourism in the United States by connecting all the national parks through one highway. Administrators were exceedingly excited about the possible benefits of a connecting road between Sequoia National Park and General Grant National Park, which became Kings Canyon National Park in in 1940. In 1921 John R. White, then superintendent of General Grant National Park, stated "Most of the 20,000 people who visit Grant Park and the 30,000 who visit Sequoia would enter by one Park and exit by the other were this possible [sic]."

Photograph taken on
August 11, 1937, of the Generals Highway near Giant Forest, Sequoia National Park.

Courtesy of Sequoia National Park Archives

The potential effect of the highway had administrators beginning work before they finalized the funding. Built section-by-section, the new highway extended from the newly built Ash Mountain headquarters through the Giant Forest and out to General Grant National Park. The road climbed up the mountain via switchbacks, curved through forests of the biggest trees, and continued over stone bridges and culverts that harmonized with the natural environment.

Dedicated on June 23, 1935, at a cost of $2.25 million, the newly named Generals Highway cemented a partnership between Sequoia National Park and General Grant National Park. On the day of the ceremony, 669 cars carried 2,488 people from both the Sequoia and General Grant entrances to create a convoy along the park-to-park highway and meet in the center. By 1940, General Grant National Park was incorporated into the newly-formed Kings Canyon National Park where the highway continued to multiply the visitation between the two parks. A major accomplishment with a beautiful scenic experience, the Generals Highway is a major feature of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks.

Generals Highway ribbon-cutting ceremony at the Clover Creek Bridge, Sequoia National Park. Photo taken by George Mauger on June 23, 1935.

Courtesy of Sequoia National Park Archives

(1) W. Joseph Mundy, "The 1895 and 1896 Generals Highway Archeological Survey, Sequoia National Park, California Vol I ,"Publications in Anthropology", No. 10 (July 1990): 55.

(2) Superintendent's Annual Report, 1920. Sequoia National Park Archives.


UC Merced Helps Preserve Sequoia National Park History

Ward Eldredge warily monitored the fire’s progress. As curator of the archives of the Sequoia and Kings Canyon national parks, he deliberated what would need to be done if the nearby Castle Fire continued its approach toward the parks’ headquarters.

The air around Three Rivers grew thick with smoke. It was looking bad.

“The fire had exhibited some very alarming behavior — long runs, great distances travelled,” Eldredge recalled.

Residents of the Sierra Nevada foothills community spent the weekend of Sept. 12-13 preparing to evacuate. And, if the fire reached the town, Eldredge reasoned, “it’s only five more miles up canyon before we get to headquarters.

“That’s when everybody started looking at this very closely — the idea that the fire might reach the headquarters complex,” he said. “If that’s the case, there’s going to be a whole bunch of things at risk.”

The archives contain the 130-year history of Sequoia, the country’s second-oldest national park: documents dating to its founding tens of thousands of photographs and negatives early journals of guides and rangers plant samples of every known species and a collection of precious baskets from the Yokuts, some of the land’s earliest inhabitants.

All of it was at risk. To save it, quickly and safely, Eldredge turned to a relative newcomer on the landscape — the 15-year-old campus of UC Merced.

Archives of the Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks found safe haven at UC Merced.

He asked, “is there any chance we’d have the means of housing the collections at the library?” Lin said.

The next morning, Lin and her colleagues agreed they could help. Fortunately, a temporary space in the Leo and Dottie Kolligian Library had just opened up due to the completion of the Merced 2020 Project, the major campus expansion.

“We said ‘why don’t we make sure the collections are secure? We have this window of time to evacuate them: Let’s just do it,’” Lin said.

Finding vehicles to transport the archives, however, was another problem. With the community evacuating, Eldredge could find only one rental truck nearby. UC Merced’s facilities team provided another truck and the National Park Service supplied a van.

Early on the morning of September 16, UC Merced staff set out on the 150-mile drive to the parks’ headquarters. There, as ash fell steadily from the sky, they and park staffers worked throughout the day to load up the parks’ history, carefully filling the van with delicate items such as the baskets, a photo collection of about 3,500 images from the Grant Grove area and glass plate negatives.

“The 15-foot U-Haul was filled with archival boxes stacked floor to ceiling,” Eldredge said. “Sequoia was the second park in the nation. It predates the existence of the Park Service. We have this complete record of what a national park is, what a national park could be, how it has changed over the course of the 20th century. That story is told in this really fascinating documentary record.”

The artifacts include documents from the Mather Mountain Party, a group of influential figures led by industrialist and conservationist Stephen Mather, whose 1915 trek into the Sierra was instrumental in creating the National Park Service the next year.

“That trip was in Sequoia National Park,” Eldredge said. “We have a photo album that was assembled and belonged to one of the participants, Mark Daniels.”

There are photo albums documenting the Civilian Conservation Corps at the end of the Great Depression park budgets and manager logs the diaries of individual rangers who spent summers in backcountry cabins administrative correspondence with outside agencies such as the Sierra Club and wildlife observations, including all manner of bear incidents.

“Essentially, anything that happened in Sequoia and Kings Canyon,” he said. “It’s hard to exaggerate the breadth of the records.”

Having the help of UC Merced, he said, enabled them to move 12 herbarium cabinets — large metal cases — holding the parks’ collection of 8,000 plant samples known as “vouchers,” which Eldredge said are “the ultimate proof that something is here.”

“With the changing ecosystems,” he said, “it’s really important to have that physical, tangible proof.”

As the team prepared to leave Three Rivers, Eldredge said, “I was so shattered because it had been multiple days of stress.”

“There were several lucky breaks — a compounding of good fortune. And a whole bunch of that was just the good will of UC Merced. Just utterly and completely. There were parts of the collection that we wouldn't have been able to get out without their help.”

“The partnership with UC Merced is special. UC Merced is a good resource for digitizing our archives and making them broadly available for research by students." -- Sintia Kawasaki-Yee, National Park Service public affairs officer.

Lin, who heads the library’s efforts to digitally scan and store important records for research and public access, has built a relationship with Eldredge as Sequoia and Kings Canyon national parks (affectionately known as SEKI) loaned pieces to be digitized. The cooperation, she said, had sparked discussions on how UC Merced could further collaborate with the parks and Yosemite National Park, about 75 miles northeast of the campus.

“Both Yosemite and SEKI archives are located in very vulnerable locations,” Lin said, noting that a 2018 fire nearly reached Yosemite’s archive building. “It would be a disaster if either of those were ever destroyed by fire. The other challenge is, where they're located, they’re less accessible to researchers.”

UC Merced, Lin said, hopes to also become a hub for a “mountain-valley archive,” one that encompasses the Sierra Nevada region as well as the agricultural collections of the San Joaquin Valley.

“If you try to look online, there’s not much historical information about the valley, especially primary source material. There’s not much depth at all.”

Lin said the hope is the university will be able to scan and digitize various archives and make them widely available on platforms such as the California Digital Library.

“We have this larger vision,” Lin said. “Even though this (effort with SEKI) is a short-term response, really, both institutions look at this as a long-term relationship. We definitely have mutual goals in terms of making this history more broadly available and really strengthening the research use of these collections.”

While still young, UC Merced already is an important ally of the nearby parks. Lin’s team has digitized materials from Yosemite’s archives and the campus partners with the iconic park for research, environmental initiatives such as the Yosemite Leadership Program and arts programming such as Shakespeare in Yosemite. UC Merced also is home to the Sierra Nevada Research Institute .

“The partnership with UC Merced is special,” said Sintia Kawasaki-Yee, public affairs officer for the National Park Service. “UC Merced is a good resource for digitizing our archives and making them broadly available for research by students.

“It also helps us connect better with our local community and stay engaged with college students who, over time, become national park supporters and advocates. It’s one of those partnerships that helps us stay current.”

The next step for the SEKI archives will be to take an inventory of everything. From there, the parties will decide on a plan for digitizing the records and securing everything for the future.

“Pending some more formal agreements, hopefully we can reach a situation where the public access and security of the collections are both improved,” Eldredge said. “I think this partnership really makes that seem feasible. And certainly Merced’s clear commitment to the well-being of these records has been demonstrated beyond my wildest imaginings.”

Eldredge said it was “really satisfying” to know the archives are safe and sound. The response of UC Merced and the many people who pitched in to help is “hugely gratifying,” he said.

“It’s good to know that that many people really value what this is,” he said.

“In a lot of ways, Sequoia and Kings Canyon are quintessential parks and are positioned historically as an ideal example of the evolution of the national park idea — one of the nation’s contributions to humanity and to the human experience.”


History in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks

This region of the Sierra Nevada has a rich natural and cultural history. The landscape can change completely from one mile to the next. High mountain meadows give way to turbulent rivers that thunder down deep gorges, tumble over vast waterfalls, and turn into wide, shallow rivers as they meander through the next valley. Such diversity can be attributed to the region's geologic roots, which stretch back 10 million to 80 million years, when a head-on collision between two immense plates of rock formed this mountain range. The rock, weakened by extreme temperature variations, was later carved by erosion into deep valleys, including Yosemite Valley and Kings Canyon. The Ice Age brought glaciers that smoothed the faces of rocks such as Yosemite's El Capitan and Half Dome, some of the towering peaks of Yosemite's Tuolumne Meadows, and Kings Canyon itself.

American Indians were aware of Yosemite at least 5,000 years ago. While Egyptian scholars were making their first use of numbers, American Indians in California were living as their forebears had for thousands of years. By 1000 B.C., there were tribes -- including the Ahwahneeches (Ah-wah-nee-ches), a subtribe of the Miwok -- living in Yosemite Valley. Archaeologists have since documented 36 living sites on the valley floor that supported a vast number of inhabitants with lush vegetation and numerous animals. The largest village lay just below Yosemite Falls.

Despite the fact that the early inhabitants were called Ahwahneeches, the valley was named Yosemite by soldiers sent to oust American Indians who refused to relocate to the plains. While seated around a campfire, a doctor among the group suggested the soldiers settle on a name for the valley. Among the suggestions were Paradise Valley and Yosemite, the name by which the Indian tribes in the region were known. Some were offended by the suggestion of honoring American Indians in the valley, but in the end, the name Yosemite won. Ironically, however, Yosemite was the soldiers' mispronunciation of the word Oo-hoo-ma-te, the name of just one settlement of Ahwahneeches, whom soldiers drove from Yosemite Valley in 1851.

The Ahwahneeches' neighbors, the Monaches (also known as the Western Monos), lived in Kings Canyon and met their end during a smallpox outbreak in 1862. The Monaches kept villages in the foothills all year long, although they sometimes moved to the forest in the summer. The Potwishas and Wuksachis were subtribes of the Monaches who also lived in the foothills, around Sequoia's Ash Mountain. Kings Canyon was named in 1806 by the Spaniard Gabriel Moraga, the first European to lead an expedition in these parts. Moraga's party discovered a major river on January 6, the Roman Catholic day of the Epiphany. Being a good Catholic, Moraga christened the river El Río de los Santos Reyes, or "The River of the Holy Kings," in honor of the three wise men who visited the infant Jesus on the same date, albeit many years earlier. The name was later shortened to Kings River.

The land of Kings Canyon and Sequoia remained untouched until 1827, when trappers arrived. The California gold rush drew hordes more in 1849, and abandoned mines dot Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks, especially in Mineral King, a region unsuccessfully mined for silver in the 1800s.

Despite being plagued by natural upheavals, such as prehistoric earthquakes and glaciers, Yosemite, Sequoia, and Kings Canyon survived. Then the parks faced another challenge -- each was destined for destruction by dams, logging, and consequent flooding. Large stands of giant sequoia were obliterated in the late 1800s. Ranchers allowed their sheep to graze beneath the big trees. Sawmills were built, and zip-zip -- down came entire forests. Adding insult to injury is the fact that the wood of the largest giant sequoias is brittle and generally pretty useless. Nevertheless, early loggers chopped down a third of the ancient trees in the region. This travesty would likely have continued if not for a few mid-19th-century conservationists who pushed the government to turn the areas into parks. In 1890, Sequoia National Park was created, along with the tiny General Grant National Park, established to protect Grant Grove. Unfortunately, the move came too late to spare Converse Basin. Once the largest stand of giant sequoias in the world, today it's a cemetery of tree stumps, the grave markers of fallen giants.

In 1926, the park was expanded eastward to include the small Kern Canyon and Mount Whitney, but rumblings continued over the fate of Kings Canyon itself. For a while, its future lay as a reservoir. It wasn't until the 1960s that Kings Canyon was finally protected for good. In 1978, Mineral King was added to Sequoia's half of the park, and in 2001, President Bill Clinton established Giant Sequoia National Monument in the national forest adjacent to the parks. The parks have been managed jointly since World War II.

While the fight to save the giant sequoias raged, a similar battle was taking place over Yosemite. Here the threat came from opportunists hoping to cash in on Yosemite Valley's beauty. Soon after the Ahwahneeches were driven out, homesteaders came in. They built hotels and crude homes and planted row crops and orchards. Somehow, during the Civil War, Congress convinced President Abraham Lincoln to sign legislation protecting the valley and the nearby Mariposa Grove of giant sequoias. Yosemite Valley was, in effect, the first state and national park in America. But the thousands of acres surrounding these relatively small federal holdings were still subject to exploitation in the form of mining, logging, and grazing. Happily, on October 1, 1890, a week after approving Sequoia National Park, Congress established Yosemite National Park. The new park did not include the valley or Mariposa Grove, which were still part of the older Yosemite Valley Park, but it encompassed enormous tracts of surrounding wilderness. With two administrations -- one overseeing the valley and big trees, and one overseeing the new park -- the expected overlap occurred and frustration mounted. In 1906, legislators decided to add the valley and big trees to the new park and to reduce the park's size to follow the natural contours of the land, while excluding private mining and logging operations. Everyone was set to live happily ever after. No one would have predicted that Yosemite would become one of the most popular places on the planet (though some argue that tourism has accomplished the destruction that logging couldn't).

Recent years have brought more and more human activity to this wilderness haven. Today this is the biggest challenge facing Yosemite and, to a lesser extent, Sequoia & Kings Canyon. Big changes are expected as the National Park Service grapples with the best way to permit access without causing more irreparable damage to this natural wonderland.

Who would have thought that preservation would wreak its own brand of havoc here? But we can only imagine how this beautiful place would look today had it been left in the hands of profiteers.

The Life & Times of John Muir

Over the course of his illustrious 75 years, John Muir earned a nickname: "Father of Our National Parks." In the late 19th century, he pushed for conservation of the pristine wilderness and helped establish Yosemite and Sequoia & Kings Canyon as national parks.

Born in Scotland in 1838, Muir emigrated with his family to Wisconsin at the age of 11. After an accident nearly blinded him about a decade later, he dropped everything to pursue his fascination with the natural world and decided to go to the Amazon -- on foot. He didn't make it, but traveling became a way of life for Muir, and his journeys eventually took him west. He discovered the Sierra Nevada area in 1868 and worked as a shepherd in the Yosemite area. He later ran a sawmill nearby.

Muir began writing about the Sierra Nevada the moment he arrived, and his passionate words started finding an audience in the late 1800s. He wrote a number of books, contributed to numerous periodicals, and became a leading voice in the budding environmentalist movement. In 1892, Muir helped found the Sierra Club. In 1903, he took Teddy Roosevelt camping in the Yosemite backcountry and catalyzed Roosevelt's vision of an entire system of national parks.

Muir is a legend not only for his words and his deeds, but also because he was something of an eccentric. He never shaved, making way for an impressive beard. He experienced nature to its fullest -- he climbed a tree during an incredible storm, sledded down Yosemite Valley's steep walls on his rump to avoid an avalanche, and chased a bear so he could study the animal's stride. (Not surprisingly, these actions have since been banned by the National Park Service.)

From the first moment a politician pondered Hetch Hetchy Reservoir, Muir fought it. Damming and drowning a place whose beauty rivaled that of Yosemite Valley was sacrilege to him. But San Francisco needed water to drink, and Congress passed legislation approving Hetch Hetchy Reservoir in 1913. John Muir died the very next year -- some say of a broken heart.

Opomba: This information was accurate when it was published, but can change without notice. Please be sure to confirm all rates and details directly with the companies in question before planning your trip.


Poglej si posnetek: The Giant Forest 4K. Sequoia National Park (Januar 2023).

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